Can machines think? To avoid defining terms or machine thinking, Alan Turing decide to create his famous test. If a human judge can not distinguish between a machine and another human, the machine thinks. This test is called the Imitation Game.
Over time, the Turing Test has proved a powerful tool. While
it is true that surpasses any machine now in a verbal environment
without restrictions, more and more machines that exceed specific tasks
such as playing chess.
Now the Turing Test or the Imitation Game has begun to be used in a very clever way by sociologists. This is a person to impersonate other person and see if fools a judge. Thus we compare the extent to which a person understands the people who belong to another social group. So I can to pass as a Muslim, I have to understand the point of view of Muslims.
There are two types according to sociologists of experience. The
experience tax refers to the real experts, physicians, lawyers or
economists who bring new knowledge and experiences to their subject. The
interactive experience, however, is the expert that only graze the
area, talk to real experts and end up having a good idea of matter.
Apply the Imitation Game in these environments is proving a fruitful sociological experiment. Harry
Collins, sociologist and author of these new studies, had spent much
time working with physicists and subjected to the test. A physicist, the judge asked him and another person, a real physical number of questions about physics. Then the responses of both the imitator and the physical, divided between several other physicists who would judge. The surprise was that the imitator performed better than the real physical. Apparently,
the most confused the judges is that the real physical book gave an
answer to a question while the impersonator gave a correct answer but
unusual. This suggested to judges that the imitator had developed over the answer.
Let us in the case of the blind. They have lived a lifetime in a world of seers. We constantly hear comments from people who are about events that can be seen. The opposite case is that of people who see and have never been exposed to the world of the blind. Who knows better the next world? Who fooled whom? The blind man is quite capable of misleading the seer into thinking it sees. The seer can not fool a blind man into thinking he is also blind.
To measure the results established a relationship known as identification or IR. This measure has begun to link different areas.
One area studied was homosexuality. There is the dramatic fact that Turing was gay and suffered greatly for it. He was sentenced to chemical castration for being gay and, unable to resist, two years later committed suicide. But the situation in England and most of the world has changed. The normalization of homosexuality has led to a world previously hidden, is now well known.
Another area investigated was the practice of religion. English society has been secularized and researchers had an interest in knowing to what extent. So who made the Imitation Game in which non-religious people posing as Christians and Christians were evaluated by judges.
And what was the outcome? Better understand gay Christians. Or put another way, it is easier to pass as the first thing for the latter. Or,
to be exact, the possibilities for a heterosexual to a gay believe that
he is so outweigh the ability of a non-religious to a Christian belief
that he is also religious.
The world is changing rapidly but the utility of a good idea as the Turing test remains.